/ 2.55 billion yuan is the export of agricultural products from CEE to China


In 2019 the total imports of the CEE countries into China amounted to over 166 billion yuan , against which the share of 2.55 billion yuan (1.5%) of agricultural production is insignificant. Bilateral action between CEE and the PRC is clearly needed, despite the global pandemic and geopolitics.

“We need to deepen agricultural cooperation in a bid to double CEE countries’ agricultural exports to China and raise two-way agricultural trade by 50 percent over the next five years”, Chinese President Xi Jinping said during the Summit, held on February 9.

It is probably justified by the information published by the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC). In the agricultural sector, for the cooperation in which APACCCEEC works, the data show that for dairy products the import is for 950 million yuan; cosmetics and toiletries – 570 million yuan; food – 390 million yuan; meat (including offal) – 360 million; alcohol and beverages – 280 million yuan.

Recently, GACC officially announced data on imports in 2019 from Central and Eastern Europe into China. We received the information from our partners in China (Ningbo) – Central and Eastern European Countries Youth Innovation Center.

It is important to know that, in addition to processed products from the food industry, the CEE countries may only export products to China for which bilateral protocols (for each individual product) have been signed and the whole procedures for meeting the requirements for their import into China have been finalized. We remind you that as of October 2019, Bulgaria has started 31 procedures to meet the requirements for importing agricultural products into China, 8 of which have already been finalized. (Grain of maize – finalized with a signed protocol on December 16, 2013 and a bilaterally approved phytosanitary certificate; Alfalfa – finalized with a signed protocol on January 13, 2014 and a bilaterally approved phytosanitary certificate; Fish and fish products – finalized with a bilaterally approved certificate on March 21, 2014; Dairy products – inalized with a signed protocol on September 16, 2016 and a bilaterally approved veterinary health certificate; Plant-based compound feed and feed additives – finalized with a signed protocol on November 27, 2017 and bilaterally approved phytosanitary and veterinary certificates; Peeled sunflower seeds – finalized with a signed protocol on July 6, 2018 and bilaterally approved phytosanitary and health certificates; Sunflower seed meal – finalized with a signed protocol on April 12, 2019; Honey – finalized with a signed protocol on September 2, 2019)

After the relevant bilateral protocols (for each individual product) have been signed and the relevant phytosanitary and/or veterinary and/or health certificates have been bilaterally coordinated and approved by the corresponding national competent authorities (for the Republic of Bulgaria the authority body is the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency). GACC will send to BFSA questionnaires which must be filled in with information from the Bulgarian companies which wish to import into China a certain product that they produce. After receiving the filled-in questionnaires, the GACC may choose to send a team of its own experts to Bulgaria to inspect those Bulgarian companies, or may choose to ask the BFSA to carry out such an inspection and to send a written report of the findings of that inspection to the GAC. After that the GAC will consider and analyse all received information and reports and will decide which of those Bulgarian companies to approve for the purpose of importing their products into China, will give an individual registration number to each one of those Bulgarian companies and will officially publish the list of the approved Bulgarian companies on its website. Only after that the approved Bulgarian companies will have the right to legally import their corresponding products into China.

Perhaps the key to flourishing agricultural cooperation is simplified procedures, mutual trust and precision in exports?

Work and decisions from the Summits.